Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: Hyperthermic mitomycin (HM) is a novel treatment modality for selected patients with high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We sought to determine predictors of response to this therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A longitudinal, cohort study of 97 patients with high-risk NMIBC treated with ≥4 HM instillations on a prophylactic schedule was conducted. The primary outcome was time-to-progression survival; secondary outcomes were overall survival, cancer-specific survival, and adverse events. Descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier survival analyses, Cox proportional hazards modelling, and univariate and multivariable regression were performed. RESULTS: The presence of initial complete response (CR; no evidence of disease at first check video-cystoscopy and urine cytology) post-HM treatment was an independent predictor of good response to HM. Female patients and those without carcinoma in situ (CIS) also appeared to respond better to the intervention. The overall bladder preservation rate at a median of 27 months was 81.4%; 17/97 (17.5%) patients died during the course of the study. CONCLUSIONS: High-risk NMIBC patients can be safely treated with HM and have good oncological outcome. However, those without an initial CR have a poor prognosis and should be counselled towards adopting other treatment methodologies such as cystectomy. Female gender and lack of CIS may be good prognostic indicators for response to HM.

Original publication

DOI

10.1159/000435788

Type

Journal

Urol Int

Publication Date

2016

Volume

96

Pages

83 - 90

Keywords

Aged, Antibiotics, Antineoplastic, Biopsy, Carcinoma in Situ, Cohort Studies, Cystectomy, Cystoscopy, Disease Progression, Female, Fever, Humans, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Male, Middle Aged, Mitomycin, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Proportional Hazards Models, Temperature, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Urinary Bladder, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, Urothelium, Video Recording