Lymphaticovenular anastomosis to prevent cellulitis associated with lymphoedema.
Mihara M., Hara H., Furniss D., Narushima M., Iida T., Kikuchi K., Ohtsu H., Gennaro P., Gabriele G., Murai N.
BACKGROUND: One of the complications of lymphoedema is recurrent cellulitis. The aim was to determine whether lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) was effective at reducing cellulitis in patients with lymphoedema. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients with arm/leg lymphoedema who underwent LVA. The frequency of cellulitis was compared before and after surgery. The diagnostic criteria for cellulitis were a fever of 38·5°C or higher, and warmth/redness in the affected limb(s). RESULTS: A total of 95 patients were included. The mean number of episodes of cellulitis in the year preceding surgery was 1·46, compared with 0·18 in the year after surgery (P < 0·001). CONCLUSION: LVA reduced the rate of cellulitis in these patients with lymphoedema.